Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.
Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth!
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two professional hygiene visits will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular professional hygiene dental visits.
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal therapy called Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy with Laser Assisted Periodontal Therapy (NSPT with LAPT) will be recommended. It is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. An electric tooth brush may be recommended to help control infection and healing.
If the pockets do not heal after NSPT with LAPT, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. Your dentist may also recommend that you see a Periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).